A gift of two pieces of gum shared by 30 starving children is all it took to start Operation Little Vittles. With one small act of kindness, Gail S. Halvorsen had a profound impact on the Berlin Airlift and became the face of American freedom. Halvorsen was born in Utah on 20 October, 1920. At 18 years old, he found his calling while thinning sugar beet fields when a friend buzzed him during a fly-by. Through a competition in early 1941 he was able to obtain his private pilot license. By June 1944, he earned his wings in the Army Air Corps. Halverson flew the airlift missions in the C-47 Skytrain and C-54 Skymaster in Brazil before his assignment to Mobile, Alabama where he flew the C-74 Globemaster. On 10 July 1948, Halvorsen's squadron was called to deploy its C-54s to Germany for the Berlin Airlift, also called Operation Vittles. Halvorsen was quick to volunteer and just 36 hours after leaving Alabama, he flew his first mission into Templehof Airfield in Berlin. During the operation, aircrews typically flew two to three missions daily carrying food, coal and medicine into West Berlin. During one of Halvorsen's crew rest periods, he hitched a flight to Berlin to see more of the city. While on his ground tour, he met a crowd of 30 children at the end of the Templehof runway. Halvorsen was touched by their politeness and wisdom. One child pleaded with Halvorsen to keep flying missions through the winter saying: "We don't have enough to eat. Just don't leave us. Some day we will have enough to eat but if we lose our freedom we will never get it back." Inspired, Halvorsen offered the children the only gift he had; two sticks of gum. Wanting to do more, he promised to drop more candy from his airplane the next day. Halvorsen told the children they could identify his aircraft because he would rock his wings. Thus, he became known as "Uncle Wiggly Wings" or the Berlin Candy Bomber. Halvorsen's secret candy drops became public knowledge when his humanitarian initiative was reported on the front page of European newspapers. After that, candy drops were officially sanctioned under the name Operation Little Vittles. The American military in Berlin and subsequently the American public rallied behind the idea. Before the Airlift ended in September 1949 they supplied over 22 tons of goodies, which Halvorsen and crews dropped by small parachutes to German children. Following his return to the United States, Halvorsen earned a Master's degree in Aeronautical Engineering from the University of Florida. Subsequently, he worked on the Dyna-Soar, Titan III and reusable manned spacecraft programs. His final assignment was as the Templehof Air Base Commander. Colonel Halvorsen retired from service in 1974 but his legacy is enduring as the ultimate servant-leader. During the fragile peace following World War II, his actions mended relations between bitter wartime enemies; he fueled the hope of all Berliners, created a positive American image in postwar Germany and inspired American support in the cause of keeping Berlin free.
From 12 July 1948 to 3 January 1949, LT Gail Halvorsen flew a C-54 Skymaster during the Berlin Airlift. Inspired by the children affected by the soviet blockade, he took the initiative to airdrop candy to them during his approach into Berlin's Tempelhof airport. After the drops were reported on the front page of European newspapers, his candy drops were officially sanctioned under the name Operation LITTLE VITTLES.